in Indian file, all of them as thin and sorry of aspect as their masters, and cruelly cut by the rough ropes that bind upon them their heavy loads. These last, on the cityward journey, are generally a pair of tellis—great brown bags stuffed with dates or charcoal, to be bartered in the markets of Algiers for such


articles of clothing or furniture as their owners need, or sometimes for the insidious cognac of the white skinned conquerors. The long journey from the desert to the capital is generally accomplished on foot. A palaquin—not the sedan chair of India or China, but a sort of covered couch perched on camel back—is a rare luxury.

The characteristic Arab garment is the burnous, the African counterpart of the American Indian's blanket. It is folded over the wearer's head and wrapped around his whole body. Its material is of cotton or woolen, the latter of course the better and more costly; its color—except for an occasional scarlet or blue robe worn by some native chief or dignitary—is white, mellowed by dust and age into brown and gray shadings. The purchase of a new burnous is to the ordinary Arab an epoch in his career. It is a possession that must be his companion for many summers and winters—a companion so inseparable that traducers of the native race assert that when once put on he will never take it off, even when the wear of years shall reduce it to a mere patchwork of rags and compel him to buy and superimpose another garment. Indeed a habitué of the hotels has been heard to assure a less experienced visitor that as the years of a tree may be counted by the number

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